Project facts

Duration: 2023-09-01 - 2026-08-31
Project coordinator: Cultural Landscape Research Group, GIPC (Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain).
Project consortium: GIPC (Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain) and ADAPTA (Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain)
Funding bodies: R&D&I National Plan of the Spanish Governament
Subject areas: Cultural Landscapes, Heritage values - Identity


According to the European Landscape Convention, landscape is the core of the identity of communities, placing landscape as a key concept of contemporary European urbanity. Considering how different the European territorial contexts are, the management of cultural landscapes is particularly complex in large metropolitan regions subject to intense environmental, socio-economic and lifestyle changes. The aim of this project is to study the cultural landscapes of the metropolis in order to characterize them, to better understand some complex heritage phenomena and to propose management guidelines in accordance with the missions of the 11th Sustainable Development Goal.

The project focuses specifically on the landscapes of the metropolitan region of Madrid, but its conceptual and methodological results will be applicable to other areas. To do so, the methodology is based on the study of the metropolitan region as a complex urban-rural gradient. Accepting that every cultural phenomenon has a spatial expression, the methodology interprets critical cartographies developed to represent the correlations between the material and immaterial components of landscapes. This methodology proposes 9 cartographic lines grouped into 3 blocks: (i) cultural values and infrastructures; (ii) cultural properties and protected areas; and (iii) agroecology and supply channels. Maps are expected to identify cultural values and ecosystem services, and to provide sectorial (local or global) readings of the region.

Impacts & Results

Based on the mapping, the project will provide criteria for landscape management in metropolitan regions to achieve more culturally and environmentally sustainable development models. It also will provide criteria for adapting landscape planning and management decisions to changing circumstances affecting the built environment and its quality. Finally, it will offer guidelines for the protection of cultural and natural heritage at the landscape scale, in relation to the design of networks of green areas and public spaces, as well as urban-rural articulation.